Stockton was founded by Captain Charles Maria Weber in 1849 after he acquired Rancho Campo de los Franceses. The city is named after Robert F. Stockton, and it was the first community in California to not have a name of Spanish or Native American origin.
Built during the California Gold Rush, Stockton’s seaport serves as a gateway to the Central Valley and even further. It was built with the idea it would be easy access for trade and transportation to the southern gold mines. The University of the Pacific is the oldest University in California and has been located in Stockton since 1923.
As a result of the 2008 financial crisis, Stockton was the second largest city in the United States to file for bankruptcy protection. Stockton successfully exited bankruptcy in February 2015.
Stockton is located on the San Joaquin River in the northern San Joaquin Valley and had an estimated population of 315,592 as of 2016. Stockton is the 13th largest city in California and the 63rd largest city in the United States. It was named an All-America City in 1999, 2004, 2015, and again in 2017.